Historical landmarks

926 – King Athelstan convene in York a General Assembly of the Guild of Church builders. The first written regulation, called Old Charges, is drawn up. The King’s brother, Edwyn, is called Grand Master. The conventional beginning of the operative era

1135 – The first Gothic cathedral rises (in France).
CCA 1390 – Ms. Regius or Halliwell, considered the first Gothic constitution. The period of Gothic constitutions begins.

1425 – The first antimasonic legislation, due to King Henry VI, appears

1563 – Following a check made in York, Queen Elizabeth annulled all the antimasonic provisions. However, in England, masonry seems to enter the shadows.

1590-1710 – Scottish century. Scotland becomes the center of Masonic effervescence. The traits of the speculative period begin to emerge now and there.

June 24, 1717 – The Grand Lodge of London is formed, subsequently the Grand Lodge of England. The conventional beginning of the speculative era

1723 – The first constitution drafted by James Anderson. The conventionally end of the era of Gothic constitutions.

1725 – at Desaguliers ‘ initiative, the passwords, signs, layout of the objects in the lodge, ritual gestation are changed massively. The Bible is dropping. Desaguliers ‘ movement, called modern, is increasingly challenged by groups of Masons called Ancients. The conventional beginning of the fight between Ancients and Modernisms

1726 – The appearance of the first stuartistic Lodge in Paris. It certifies that the military lodges of Jacob II Stuart’s defeated army are responsible for transplanting speculative masonry in mainland Europe. The period between 1688-1726, when it is certain that there were stuartists Masons in France, still remains difficult to describe, for lack of documents.

However, the French Masonic tradition strongly argues that Masonic lodges were created in the castle of Saint-Germain-en-Laye, donated by King Louis XIV to Jacob II Stuart. According to that tradition, in these lodges the Jesuits have invented the first high degrees of crucible nature as legends for Catholic commanders prepared to restore Jacob II to the throne.

1737 – Scottish speech of Andrew Michael, Knight of Ramsay, in the box Louis d’argent in Paris. The conventionally beginning of the Templarian current.

1738 – Antimasonic Bubble in Eminent Apostolatus Specula, issued by Pope Clement XII. The beginning of the conflict between the Roman Catholic Church and Freemasonry.

1773-1783 – North American War of Independence. The conventionally beginning of Republicanism as Masonic doctrine.

1776 – The emergence of illuminates in Bavaria. Publication of the Declaration of Independence of the North American colonies.

1782 – The Congress of Wilhelmsbad. The strict observation (supported by Enlightenment in Bavaria) fails in an attempt to dominate the world Freemasonry. The conventional end of the Templarian current.

1787 – Publication in the US of the Declaration of Human Rights, a major expression of the ideals that speculative Freemasonry proposed to the world

1789 – The revolution in France breaks out. The conventional beginning of the revolutionary era in the doctrine of Freemasonry in mainland Europe.

1789-1917 – The Revolutionary era of Freemasonry. All the great revolutionary movements in the civilized world are supported, organized and performed with the decisive contribution of the Brotherhood.

1797 – The Abbot Barruel and Scots Jon Robison, both Masons, are launching the theory of World Masonic Conspiracy

1813 – in England ends the fight of the ancients with modernism. The presence of the Bible on the altar and invoking the Great Architect become key elements of the Masonic ritual. The United Grand Lodge of England appears.

1826 – The Morgan business triggers an extensive antimasonic movement in the US. This will last until the year 1840

1877 – The Great Orient of France renounces the great architect of the universe. Therefore, the United Grand Lodge of England waives any relationship with M:. A:. F:.. The beginning of the Great Schism of the World Freemasonry: dividing between regulars and Irregulars.

1884 – Enciclica Humanum Genus of Pope Leo XIII, considered until today the most important antimasonic text in the world

1914-1918 – The First World War, called the Holy War of Universal Freemasonry.

1922 – Masonry is forbidden in the USSR. The official beginning of the conflict with communism.

1925 – Masonry is forbidden in Fascist Italy. The official beginning of the conflict with fascism.

1935 – Masonry is forbidden in Nazi Germany. The official beginning of the conflict with Nazism

1944-1945 – Start restoring European Freemasonry. The process will only have consistency in the West.

1968 – The Irregular Masonry seeks to regain its revolutionary vocation, participating in ample protest movements in the civilized world

1979 – the pact signed between the Roman Catholic Church and the US for the liberation of Europe from communism allows the relaxation of relations between masonry and the Vatican.

1981 – Triggering the Gelli business destroys the destiny of Masonry in Western Europe.

1989 – The fall of European communism. The reconstruction of Freemasonry in former Communist Europe begins.

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