The Lojii lights.
The Freemasons are either operatives or speculators, sons of the Light; And among the archaic parts of the rituals kept in use include the description of the journey of the Sun from the Orient to the west. The lodge has always wanted to be enlightened and to evoke the illuminated. Therefore, she constituted a system of lights and one of the lights. In the first rites that have come to us, they are called the same, Lights, i.e. lights. With the weather, some were called fixed Lights. These were three windows placed on the walls of the east, south, and west, in places where today lies, in many rituals, the venerable and the two supervisors. The North had no window because, as stated in Pritchard’s ritual, the Sun Darts no Rays from thence (the Sun does not drop any radius from there).
The illuminers kept more time the simple name Lights (so Pritchard knows the fixed term ‘ d Lights, but not the lesser Lights). They correspond to today’s secondary lights: The Sun, the moon and the venerable. They were embodied through three high candlesticks placed at S.V., N.E. and S.E. existed, however, from the ancient rituals, the temptation to associate light and the three rulers of the lodge.
At first, the venerable stood at the point where the sun rises, and the supervisors, at the point where it sets. Gradually, the three rulers overlapped over the three fixed lights, so that today, in numerous rituals, they have symbolically merged into an exceptional act of symbolic transplantation of rulers in the windows through which the light penetrates. The Emulation rite goes on and places the secondary lights in the same place today with the rulers and the formerly fixed lights: La E., S. and V., giving a genuine cosmic meaning to transplanting.
In parallel, starting with 1760, the Ancients applied the phrase great lights or greater lights (great lights) to the Bible, the square and the compass, the three objects used to submit the initiation oath at least from 1725 onwards. The most interesting degree of complexity, however, is discovered in Scottish rites, where a triple three-light system appeared: 3 large lights, 3 sidelights, and 3 lights of the lodge. These are the result of symbolic transplantation of rulers in the windows, plus the allocation of the three large pillars described by Pritchard (wisdom, strength, beauty), rulers.
“The Scots “innovated by concentrating the pillars with candlesticks that once symbolized the secondary lights and duplicating the columns J. and B. In the care of supervisors. Thus, the pillars turned into “colonettes”, and there are candles that light up in a special ceremony.
About the great lights and the secondary lights, we will speak to the chapter dedicated to the symbolism, and the Bible has a special chapter.