The constitutions of Anderson.
Gothic constitution, including those of Anderson, propose a fabulous origin of the Brotherhood, linking it closely to the main characters of the Hebrew Bible, from Adam to Zerubbabel, but also by great figures of the Greek-Latin world, such as Thales, Pythagoras, Euclid, Archimedes, Octavius Augustus, or Vitruvius.
The name under which masonry is mentioned in this fabulous history is geometry, and the beginning of Anderson’s constitutions of 1723 remains enlightening for such a trend: “Adam, our first father, created in the image of God, the great architect of The universe must have had written in his soul the craft of liberal arts, especially geometry.
At one point, in the 18TH century, a freemason called “Antediluvian” came into England, whose manuscript was drafted by a Lewis Giblin (the name is symbolic, of course) and claiming to draw science from the two columns that Lamech and his followers would have written the entire world science to save it from destruction. (The Gothic legend states that Lamech did not know how destruction will come through fire or water, so he made two columns, a fire-resistant one, and a waterproof one. Another great character of Masonic Legends is Noah, who also gave his Freemasonry, called Noahite, but which is especially interesting by the genesis of 1725 of the Legend of Grade 3.
It is interesting to note that the first Gothic constitutions did not refer to the temple of Solomon as the ideal building, but the tower of Babel. We are meeting with the tower of Babel (called “The Tower of Babylon”) since the oldest document of Gothic constitutions, Ms. Regius.:
“You may hear as I do read, that many years after, for great dread That Noah’s flood was all run, the tower of Babylon was begun, as plain work of lime and stone, as any man should look upon; So long and broad it was begun, seven miles the height shadowed the sun. King Nebuchadnezzar let it make/ To great strength for man’s sake, / Though such a flood again should come, / Over the world, it should not nome;/ For they had so high pride, with strong boast, / All that work, therefore, was lost;/ An angel smote them so with divers speech, / That never one knew what the other should do. The CookeMs manuscript. Cooke (15TH century, the second Gothic Constitution) is already making important steps in the Masonic legend: “Every chronicle and history and many other writers, and especially the Bible, report the building of the tower of Babel; And it is written in the Bible, Genesis, Cap. 10, like Ham, the son of Noah, bore Nimrod who was a brave man on earth and made himself strong, like a giant. He was a great king, and the beginning of his kingdom was the Kingdom of Babylon and Arach [Erek] and Achad [Akad] and Calneh [Kal’neh] and the country of Şinar [Şinār]. And the same harness began the tower of Babel and taught his workers the craft of masonry, and he had with him many masons, over 40000, and loved them and kept them in great honor. And it is written in Polychronicon and in the Master of history and in other histories, and above all the Bible testifies in the same chapter 10, as it stands written, that Asur[assur] which was closely related to Nimrod came out of the land of the Şinar and built the fortress of Nineveh and Plateas and many others. For it is written, “by Terra Illa” [in Hebrew Min-hāāa Hāhiv ‘; “From that land”]. It is a sensible thing to say clearly how and in what way were the foundations of the [regulation] of the Guild of the Freemasons and who named it masonry. And you should know that it is stated and is written in Polychronicon and Methodus, the Bishop and the Martyr, that the one Asur who was a valuable ruler sent to Nimrod the king to send him masons and workers from the Guild to help him raise the cities that He wanted to raise them up. And Nimrod sent him 3000 masons. And when they were ready to leave and to be born on the road, he called them in advance and said unto them, ‘ ye must go to my cousin and help him build a fortress but be careful to lead yourselves, and I will give you a document with duties [term The English Charge is famous in the history of Franc-masonry) that is for my benefit and yours. When you arrive in that land, be careful to behave with your worthiness, as if you were behaving against me, to work your craft with honor and to make a reasonable payment for your work, as much as you deserve. Love each other as if you were brothers and remain united in every circumstance. The one who is better at helping his companion and remember that your behavior between you and your master will buy me and receive thanks for sending you and teaching you the craft. ” And they received the document from him, who was master, and went to the Asur and built the fortress of Nineveh in Plateas County, and also other fortresses called Calah and Resen, which is a great fortress between the Calah and Nineveh. And in this way, the craft of masonry was instituted for the first time and regulated as science. ” Let’s look at this sample text from the 15TH century.
It is clear that he places the origin of masonry in the Times of the dawn of the Tower of Babel, which would thus become the archetypal building of the Brotherhood. So, in the early of Masonic history, the Tower of Babel shadows the Temple of Solomon, in the sense that the origin of Masonic art is in the effort of the rise of the Tower of Babel. This, however, carries a major danger: The Tower of Babel is a symbol of the vain pride, a moment of tension between mankind and God. If the origin of masonry is there, then it is expected that the tension to be incorporated into the very essence of Masonic art! On the other hand, the text of the Cooke manuscript contains an unexpected inadvertently: Ham was not Nimrod’s father, but his grandfather. It is impossible that the author of the text did not know this because, otherwise, he proves a very good knowledge of the text of the Vulsant (Latin Bible), from which he even cites. Therefore, the author wished to emphasize the presence of Ham in particular, which becomes notorious when we read that the same harness began the tower of Babel and taught its workers the craft of Freemasonry
According to Genesis 10; 25, some scholars (see New Bible Dictionary, 1962) claim that the building of the tower of Babel would have been spent in the time of Peleg, the great-great-grandson of Sem (who was brother with Ham), so several generations after Ham’s death. We are in front of anachronisms, designed to propel the figure of Ham. Why?
The first explanation that comes to mind is that Ham was the common ancestor of the Egyptians and the Babylonians, so the text of the Cooke manuscript hides the conviction of his author that masonry originates from the archetypal father of the oldest civilizations that had not Only vocation but the obsession of monumental constructions. Subsequently, however, the archetypical figure of Ham fades into Masonic texts, and Anderson’s 1723 constitution moves the center of gravity to Noah: “Noah and his three sons, Jafet, Shem and Ham, all true Masons, have crossed over the flood traditions and arts Of the Antediluvians and have communicated them to their descendants; For almost 101 years after the flood, we find a great number of them, if not the entire race of Noah, in the Şinar Valley, hired to build a fortress and a large tower to keep their names and prevent their scatting.
And though they lifted up their work to a monstrous height, and by their ungodly pride provoked God to mix their projects, mixing their tongues, which led to their scatter; Yet their prowess in masonry cannot remain unappreciated, for they have spent over 53 years working on that prodigious work, and after their scatting, they took their mighty knowledge with them into distant lands, where they used them with use in the settlement of their kingdoms, communities, and dynasties.
And although after that they were lost in most parts of the earth, they [knowledge] were mostly preserved in the chassis and Assyria, where Nimrod, the founder of that Monarchate, after spreading, built several splendid fortresses such as Erek, Accad, and Calneh, in Şinar; From where he then went to Assyria and built Nineveh, Rehoboth, Calah [Calah] and Resin [Resen]. Anderson’s text is the last word of masonry in connection with the importance of the tower of Babel and the mythical role of the characters named in Chapter 10 of Genesis. In the years to come, the chronograph drafted by Anderson on the basis of Gothic constitutions will be subjected to destructive criticism in speculative masonry and will bury beneath his ruins the story of the Tower of Babel. However, the antediluvian era and the archetypical figure of Noah remain in the Masonic legends. The antediluvian era is considered the Golden age of the true Masonic knowledge, and, consequently, Noah becomes the supreme keeper of this knowledge. It is almost certain that Noahism (the claim from Noah’s knowledge) was due to the way James Anderson exposes the mythology of Gothic constitutions. As for the proper text of the Constitution of 1723, we should first discuss the biblical lesson. For Dr. Anderson knew the variant that translates the Hebrew Min-hāād’yāţā ‘ Aşşur (Genesis 10; 11) by “From that land he [Nimrod] pass in the splinter,” instead of “from that land came the splinter,” which turns the son of Shem [the Romanian Traditional variant is Sem], in a land (scientists have not agreed on the correct translation today).However, it is clear that Ham is no longer in the foreground, and the firm conviction of Gothic constitutions, that Nimrod gave the first document(hrisov) with duties for the Guild of the Freemason, disappeared. However, the ancient conviction remains that the tower of Babel is the first masterpiece of masonry.
Subsequently, this hundred-year-old idea was silenced and, after the expression of Coil (Masonic Encyclopedia, 1996), now the subject is scarcely ever mentioned (now the topic is barely mentioned). However, no one can grasp the essence of the Masonic spirit if they ignore the fascination of the tower of Babel.
The relentless and justifiable criticism of the Gothic chronographs was fatal to the legendary origin of the Brotherhood. However, the sense of connection with the masonry act of Biblical history could not leave the mentality of the blue masonry. After 1717, the presence of the temple of Solomon attracts the horizons of Freemasonry, and after 1725 is born the legend of the 3rd degree, having him as an archetype hero on Hiram, proclaimed architect of the temple. The legend of Hiram is as fabulous as the history of Gothic chronographs, of which, otherwise, drifts. She copied an episode related to Noah’s three sons who were looking for their father, as well as the veritable secret which this famous preacher had (the true secret that this famous preacher owned; Ms. Graham, 1726, updated by Coil). Although today most researchers are trying to separate the evolution of masonry from any possible inheritance from the legends of accompaniment (famous Association of fellow crafts), we cannot stop to notice that the mythical figure of Hiram’s architect is an archetype The tradition of accompaniment, prior to his extraordinary success in the Masonic ritual.