Freemasonry (masonry), as an institution, is an initiatory order of which members are related by common morale, spiritual and social ideals, by initiating a common ritual, by oath lodged on one of the holy Books of great religions (The Bible, the Koran, the Old Testament, the Hindu Vedas, the Buddhist Tripitaka, or other sacred thoughtful writings) and, in the majority of ramifications, of believing in a supreme Being, the Great Architect of the Universe.
Masonic organizations, present in most countries, are found in the form of autonomic obedience, they consist of blue lodges, also called workshops, having 7-50 brothers Masons. Freemasonry also designees a spiritual discipline, such as alchemy, and the traditional institution that reunites the practitioners of this discipline, in lodges or confederations of lodges, called large lodges.
In Romania, Freemasonry is organized in several obedience, the Grand National Lodge of Romania, the Grand United National Lodge of Romania, the Great National Lodge from Romania, the great Orient of ancient Scottish Rite and accepted from Romania, The Great Regular Lodge of Romania, The great Orient of Romania, as well as several other lesser obedience, between which some open to women. All of this obedience is mutually recognized.
The words “Freemason”, “Freemasonry” is the Romanian form of the English words free Mason, French francmaçon and German “Freimaurer which means “bricklaying, free Builder” and represents an inheritance of one of the Roots of Freemasonry: Guild Masonry building churches, basilisks, and cathedrals in the Middle Ages (see below). In the NINETEENTH century, appeared in Romanian the variant “Farmazon”, derived from the similar Russian word and meaning “mischievous”, With the same origin as “charm” and “pharmacy” (in Greek “spell”, “cure”)
According to the Encyclopedic dictionary “The New British Encyclopedia “, Freemasonry is the largest secret society in the world, spreading more with the account due to the stretch in the NINETEENTH century of the British Empire. But Freemasonry functioned secretly only then and where it was forbidden by law. It is not by its nature a secret association (but a discreet one), although it shows similar to the ancient mysteries schools.
But according to the definition given by the Masons themselves, masonry is: “An association of Free people and good morals that work for the good and progress of society by perfecting the moral and intellectual of its members”.
Freemasonry is organized in degrees and rites. The roughly common part of all rites is the “Blue Lodge class”, with three degrees: Apprentice, Companion (fellowcraft), Master. Master Masons can be part, after receiving these three degrees, also called symbolic, in the degrees of perfecting the various rites. The most widely known and widespread are the “ancient Scottish Rite and accepted” and “The Rite of York.
The passage from the ancient secret or discrete societies to the more modern initiatory organizations was strengthened by the introduction of this “illuminated” freemasonry at the end of the 18TH century, an organization that combines older esoteric legends with Cabalistic traditions. These secrets reveal themselves to the initiates of the more inner circles of Freemasonry, while the other members of this organization, who do not know them, continue to enjoy the teaching and the friendship they find within
Communism opposes Freemasonry, which it considers to be a bourgeois-landlord, cosmopolitan and antipatriotic movement. The fact that Freemasons can be of any persuasion democratic politics without discrimination, leaving politics at the gate of the lodge and keeping for the opponents’ political esteem and respect, is not compatible with the so-called class struggle. Incompatible with Masonic ideals is non-democrat nationalism, which promotes its lineage, not by patriotism. It makes sense that the parties with the nationalist ideology of the non-democrat type are to be the adversary of masonry. The net attitude of Freemasonry comes from ignorance, superstition, fanaticism, and tyranny.