The Lodge understands both the fundamental Masonic Group and the room where the group works. The synonymous between the group of people and the construction of the room is not random. Historically, the coherent groups of builders and bricklayers raised a common dwelling in the site organizations and were identified after that common house.
Ritually speaking, there is an osmosis between elements of the construction and functions of the dignitaries of the Lojii, as in the case of elements called “secondary Lights” and “fixed Lights”, which makes the composition of the construction compete “organically” with the hierarchy Group.
The term comes from a hypothetical word franc * Laubja (shelter), which gave in the Old French (13TH century) Loge, the road with the canopy of trees. In the Gothic constitutions, the word appears in various forms, Loge, Logge, Lug, LODG, but is attested in all texts.
From the outset, the idea of keeping secrets in the Lodge: they must keep their Master’s counsel in the chamber and in Logge (Ms. Regius).
The lodges were formed anywhere and whenever enough Masons were gathered and were permanent, or only for one attire. Some of the rituals given to 1723, but which contained older practices, define the fair and perfect lodge as consisting of 5 or 6 masons; Although other rituals claim that the presence of a venerable or overseer, or both, sometimes also a number of following craft and apprentices, is necessary.
With the advent of Grade 3, the notion of “lodges by Degrees” was established by the Constitution of Master’s Lodge. In 1797, the Webb-Preston Handbook stated that there are lodges for each degree. Then, in England, The Apprentice’s lodge became the base lodge, the others constituting lifting from the Apprentice’s box. In the US, however, the Masters ‘ Lodge became the basic lodge, the other being only lodges that had the rank.
In Anglo-Saxon practice, there is an object of the type of covenant that is called a lodge and is treated with all the deference granted to a sacred object. It contains the constitution and the patent. Today we meet, especially in installations and consecration. He probably appeared in the Ancients before 1772
Lodge as a room.
There are a few typical and absolutely necessary elements for defining an enclosure as a Masonic lodge.
Firstly, it is a rectangular chamber, the ratio of which between length and width is either in the proportion of gold or 2 to 1. The construction of a rectangle in a proportion of gold was made empirical relatively simple, using the style, the drawing spool, and the square. Draw a square first with the desired width of the box. Then fasten the spool in one of the corners of the square and scroll the string diagonally. Using the diagonal as a radius and the spool fastened at the same point, an arc of the circle was carried to the intersection of the lengthening of the square on which the moat was fixed. The intersection point marks the length of the rectangle.
The Lodge floor. Since Pritchard’s ritual (1730) it is stated that the floor of the lodge is a mosaic. He was surrounded by what is called the Tessellated Border or Indented Tessel, a girdle with toothed indentations, like a black and white border. Subsequently, the French mistook indented with tassel and so were born “laced tassels” that surrounded the drawing painting at first, but subsequently the heads of the red rope with knots surrounding the temple today.
The 12 vertices of the rope visible today in Romanian practice are taken after the symbolism proposed by Wirth, which associates them with the zodiac.
The origin of the mosaic in black and white, typical for the floor of the lodge, could be the same oppositorum coincidence of the famous flag Templar Beauseant (Beaucéant, in French script). It’s about the evocation of a world where good (white) coexists with Evil (black). Another symbolic explanation sends to the nature of Axis Mundi of the lodge (see immediately, at the description of the ceiling), in the sense that the floor eves both the Holy Land, where the lodge (white) and the center of the earth are located until it stretches down (black).
The ceiling of the lodge. Anglo-Saxon literature talks about the blue dome of heaven; Clouded canopy/celestial canopy; Starry-decked heaven. In ancient rituals, it was said that the lodges held in the hills the highest times in the deepest valleys, or where there was no barking of the dog or the song of a rooster. Coil believes this indicates that they were kept under the open skies. But adds all he, the representations of the ceiling send to “the symbolism of Universal Lodge, so vast as to encompass the whole world and be covered only by the heavenly vault”. In fact, the representation of the ceiling is a clear reference to the character of Axis Mundi of the Lojii, still visible in Pritchard’s rituals:
What form is the Lodge?
A long Square.
Q. How long?
A. From East to West.
Q. How broad?
A. From North to South.
Q. How high?
A. Inches, Feet, and Yards innumerable, as high as the Heavens.
Q. How deep?
A. To the Centre of the Earth.
Q. Where does the Lodge stand?
A. Upon Holy Ground, or the highest Hill or lowest Vale, or in the Vale of Jehoshaphat, or any other secret place.
Any axis Mundi proclaims a cosmic order, an Imago Mundi, so the Masonic Lodge is also the representative and the result of a cosmic ordinance. We are talking, of course, of the cosmic order expressed by the Temple of Solomon.